In South Africa, there is no national minimum wage. Instead, the Basic Conditions of Employment Act (BCEA) outlines minimum terms and conditions of employment for specific types of economic activity. In these sectors, employees have been deemed vulnerable to exploitative labour practices. If a sector is not considered vulnerable, there are no minimum wages. These sectoral determinations are available online through the Department of Labour. In the following sectors, casual worker rates are determined by minimum wage law:
Casual Worker Rates:
This category includes housekeepers, gardeners, nannies and domestic drivers. Minimum casual worker rates within this sector for 1 December 2015 until 30 November 2016 are outlined in the tables below.
Area A refers to large metropolitan areas and highly developed municipalities. Area B refers to the rest of South Africa. View the full list of areas.
Domestic workers who work at least 27 ordinary hours per week:
|Minimum||Area A||Area B|
|Monthly Rate||R2 230.70||R1 993.82|
Domestic workers who work less than 27 ordinary hours per week:
|Minimum||Area A||Area B|
|Monthly Rate||R1 566.35||R1 412.49|
Click here for more detailed information on paying your casual worker in the domestic work sector.
Wholesale & Retail
This sectoral determination applies to all workers in the wholesale and retail sector, including those associated with warehousing and distribution. Casual workers are frequently hired within this sector as sales assistants, drivers and general workers.
|Position||Area A||Area B|
This sectoral determination applies to all workers on a farm, including domestic workers and security guards. From 1 March 2016 to 28 February 2017, the following minimum casual worker rate applies in the farm sector:
|Daily (9 hours)||R128.26|
|Fewer than 10 employees||R15.17|
|More than 10 employees||R16.91|
Click here for more detailed information on casual worker rates in the hospitality sector.
Casual workers in this sector are commonly employed as general workers on Grade 1/Patterson A1 tasks. They may also be employed to work on Task Grade 2/Patterson A2 tasks as aids or hands to more skilled workers on the team. Click here for detailed information on paying your casual worker in the civil engineering sector.
Casual workers in private security must be paid an equal hourly rate to an ordinary employee performing the same class of work, or up to 15% more per hour. ‘Ordinary employee’ refers to a full-time worker performing a specified task at the lowest salary. The number of years that a casual worker has worked for an employer also influence what they are paid in this sector.
Here are the minimum monthly salaries for security officers working for an employer for one year in the private security sector:
|Security Officer Grade||Area A||Area B||Area C|
|Grade D & E||R3,482||R3,162||R2,874|
Area A refers to metropolitan or developed magisterial districts Area B refers to smaller urban areas like Bloemfontein and Stellenbosch. Area C refers to all other areas. Click here to view more detailed descriptions of each area.
To know what to pay your casual worker in the private security sector, determine the hourly equivalent making up the minimum salary in their class of work. Make use of the formula for calculation of salary listed in sub clause 3(5)(b) of the Amendment Of Sectoral Determination 6: Private Security Sector, South Africa in the BCEA.
NOTE: If a casual employee in this sector works for a period of less than four hours on any day, it is legislated that the employee must be remunerated for at least four hours.
Other Sectoral Determinations
The following sectors are also subject to sectoral determinations from the Department of Labour. When employing a casual worker within these sectors, ensure that you consult the relevant legislation on remuneration:
- Contract Cleaning
- Children in the Performing of Advertising, Artistic and Cultural Activities